Beauty Glossary

  1. Acne conglobata: Type of acne in which interconnected nodules are located beneath the surface of the skin.
  2. Acne mechanica: Acne caused by exposure to heat, covered skin, pressure, or repetitive friction.
  3. Acne vulgaris: The most common type of acne, associated with blackheads, whiteheads, papules, and pustules, commonly referred to as pimples or zits.
  4. Actinic keratoses: Precancerous growths that can appear red, thick, and rough; usually found on sun-damaged skin.
  5. Antioxidants: Vitamins A (including beta carotene), C, and E, thought to repair and protect skin cells by neutralizing damaging free radicals.
  6. Atopic: When an antibody present in the skin makes someone more likely to experience allergic reactions.
  7. Basal cell carcinoma: Type of skin cancer that forms at the base of the epidermis of the skin and usually does not spread to other parts of the body; associated with long-term overexposure to the sun.
  8. Chemical peel: Chemical solution applied to the skin to remove damaged outer layers.
  9. Dermabrasion: Procedure in which a rotating brush is used to abrade, or remove, the outer surface of the skin.
  10. Dermatitis: Inflammation of the skin.
  11. Dermis: The middle layer of the skin.
  12. Epidermis: The outer layer of the skin.
  13. Exfoliate: To slough off the outer layer of skin cells.
  14. Follicle: A shaft in the skin through which hair grows.
  15. Isotretinoin (Accutane and other brand names): Oral vitamin A-based medication used to treat severe acne.
  16. Laser resurfacing: Laser procedure to remove signs of aging, including fine lines, wrinkles, and age spots.
  17. Melanin: A chemical in the body that gives skin and hair their unique color.
  18. Melanoma: Life-threatening form of skin cancer that usually develops in an existing mole.
  19. Mole: Pigmented skin lesion also known as a nevus.
  20. Noncomedogenic: A product not likely to clog pores and cause acne lesions.
  21. Phototherapy: Artificial ultraviolet (UV) radiation treatment for some skin diseases.
  22. Plaque: Raised, but relatively flat, patch of skin.
  23. Psoriasis: Skin condition characterized by red, raised, scaly patches.
  24. Pustule: Inflamed acne lesion containing pus.
  25. Retinoids: Derivatives of vitamin A used to treat a variety of skin conditions.
  26. Rosacea: Skin condition characterized by prominent spider veins and sometimes swelling.
  27. Sclerotherapy: Treatment that reduces the appearance of varicose veins and spider veins by injecting them with a special solution.
  28. Sebaceous glands: Oil-producing glands in the skin that are attached to hair follicles.
  29. Topical: A product applied on the skin.
  30. Tretinoin: Topical retinoid used to treat acne by unclogging pores; also used to lessen signs of photo-aging.
  31. Ultraviolet light: The sun’s UVA and UVB rays that can cause both skin damage and skin cancers.
  32. Urticaria: Raised reddish, itchy areas, also called hives.
  33. Whitehead: Closed acne lesion caused by a clogged hair follicle.